Comparative gene expression profiling in three primary human cell lines after treatment with a novel inhibitor of Rho kinase or atorvastatin.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_2F3A8559D6F0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Comparative gene expression profiling in three primary human cell lines after treatment with a novel inhibitor of Rho kinase or atorvastatin.
Journal
Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis
Author(s)
Boerma M., Fu Q., Wang J., Loose D.S., Bartolozzi A., Ellis J.L., McGonigle S., Paradise E., Sweetnam P., Fink L.M., Vozenin-Brotons M.C., Hauer-Jensen M.
ISSN
0957-5235 (Print)
ISSN-L
0957-5235
Publication state
Published
Issued date
10/2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
19
Number
7
Pages
709-718
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Inhibitors of Rho kinase (ROCK) are a relatively new class of drugs with potential benefits in oncology, neurology, and fibrotic and cardiovascular diseases. ROCK inhibitors modulate many cellular functions, some of which are similar to the pleiotropic effects of statins, suggesting additive or synergistic properties. Studies to date have used compounds that inhibit both isoforms of ROCK, ROCK1 and ROCK2. This study was designed to compare gene expression profiles of atorvastatin with the newly developed ROCK2 inhibitor SLx-2119 in primary cultures of normal human endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and fibroblasts. Cells were treated with each compound for 24 h, after which total RNA was isolated and genome-wide gene-expression profiles were obtained with Illumina arrays. Because of the known effect of statins on the actin cytoskeleton and on connective tissue growth factor, a prominent growth factor involved in tissue fibrosis, the effects of SLx-2119 and atorvastatin on the actin cytoskeleton and connective tissue growth factor mRNA were also examined in cultures of smooth muscle cells with a fibrotic phenotype, isolated from biopsies of human intestine with radiation-induced fibrosis. Although SLx-2119 and atorvastatin affected expression of genes belonging to the same biological processes, individual genes were mostly different, consistent with synergistic or additive properties. Both SLx-2119 and atorvastatin reduced connective tissue growth factor mRNA and remodeled the actin cytoskeleton in fibrosis-derived smooth muscle cells, suggesting that both compounds have antifibrotic properties. These results form the basis for further studies to assess the possible therapeutic benefit of combined treatments.

Keywords
Amino Acid Sequence, Atorvastatin Calcium, Cell Line, Cells, Cultured, Endothelial Cells/drug effects, Endothelial Cells/enzymology, Endothelial Cells/physiology, Fibroblasts/cytology, Fibroblasts/drug effects, Fibroblasts/enzymology, Fibroblasts/physiology, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects, Heptanoic Acids/pharmacology, Humans, Microarray Analysis, Muscle, Smooth/cytology, Muscle, Smooth/drug effects, Muscle, Smooth/enzymology, Muscle, Smooth/physiology, Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods, Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology, Pyrroles/pharmacology, rho-Associated Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
30/04/2018 14:52
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:13
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