Encoding style and its relationships with schizotypal traits and impulsivity during adolescence

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_2EF32E81A9B1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Encoding style and its relationships with schizotypal traits and impulsivity during adolescence
Journal
Psychiatry Research
Author(s)
Badoud Deborah, Billieux Joël, Van der Linden Martial, Eliez Stephan, Debbané Martin
ISSN
0165-1781
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
210
Number
3
Pages
1020-1025
Language
english
Abstract
This study intends to explore how individual differences in encoding style (i.e. how encoding is implicitly affected by pre-existing schemata, so called an internal style, versus by cues from the outside world, so called an external style) are associated with schizotypal traits and impulsivity expression during adolescence. Moreover, we aim to provide first evidence reliability for the encoding style questionnaire with an adolescent sample. 101 French-speaking community adolescents (Mage=16.06, S.D.age=2.01; 57 girls; primarily Caucasian) participated in a cross-sectional study. The whole sample filled out a battery of self-report questionnaires. Our data supports a positive association between a predominant internal encoding style, the level of positive and disorganized schizotypal traits, and a higher degree of urgency and sensation seeking impulsivity components. On the one hand, these results have clinical implications in the sense that a low level in implicit processing, namely encoding style, is involved in positive and disorganized schizotypal traits as well as in impulsivity. Schizotypal traits and impulsivity are two sets of traits that put youth at risk for the development of severe psychopathological states in adulthood. On the other hand, this research enables an increased understanding of encoding style by providing the first reliable assessment tool for French-speaking adolescents.
Keywords
Biological Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Mental health, Encoding Styles, Schizotypal traits, Impulsivity
Pubmed
Web of science
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation
Create date
10/01/2020 9:31
Last modification date
21/01/2020 16:16
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