Skin Absorption of Bisphenol A and Its Alternatives in Thermal Paper.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_2D696BF71F8E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Skin Absorption of Bisphenol A and Its Alternatives in Thermal Paper.
Journal
Annals of work exposures and health
Author(s)
Reale E., Vernez D., Hopf N.B.
ISSN
2398-7316 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2398-7308
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Bisphenol A (BPA) is the most used colour developer in thermal paper for cashiers receipts, labels, and tickets. BPA can migrate onto the skin and be absorbed when handling these papers. BPA is a known endocrine disruptor and is therefore being replaced in thermal paper by some alternatives such as Bisphenol S (BPS), D-8, and Pergafast 201® (PF201). To our knowledge, no studies have characterized skin permeation of these BPA alternatives.
We measured/characterized skin absorption for BPA, BPS, D-8, and PF201 through ex vivo human skin using flow-through diffusion cells according to OECD guideline 428. Skin samples were 7-12 per test substance from three different skin donors. Skin metabolism was studied for BPA. Dermal absorption was expressed as the amount of the BPA alternatives in the receptor fluid over applied dose in percent (%).
The absorbed dose after 24 h of exposure was 25% for BPA, 17% for D-8, 0.4% for BPS, and <LLOQ for PF201. The amount of BPA-glucuronide in the receptor fluid after 24 h was under the limit of quantification (LLOQ = 0.2 µg l-1). Despite the 10-fold lower concentration of the aq solution applied on the skin, D-8's permeation rate JMAX was 5-fold higher than the one for BPS (0.032 versus 0.006 µg cm-2 h-1). Neither D-8 nor BPS permeated readily through the skin (tlag = 3.9 h for D-8, 6.4 h for BPS). None of PF201's skin permeation kinetic parameters could be determined because this BPA analogue was not quantifiable in the receptor fluid in our test conditions.
Skin absorption was in decreasing order: BPA > D-8 > BPS > PF201. These results are in agreement with their log Kow and molecular weights. We provided here the necessary data to estimate the extent of skin absorption of BPA analogues, which is a necessary step in risk assessment, and ultimately evaluate public health risks posed by D-8, BPS, and PF201.
Keywords
BPS, D-8, Pergafast, dermal absorption, percutaneous penetration
Pubmed
Create date
22/12/2020 9:31
Last modification date
27/12/2020 6:26
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