Challenges Experienced at Age 100: Findings From the Fordham Centenarian Study.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_2D4D27217477
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Challenges Experienced at Age 100: Findings From the Fordham Centenarian Study.
Journal
Journal of aging & social policy
Author(s)
Jopp D.S., Boerner K., Cimarolli V., Hicks S., Mirpuri S., Paggi M., Cavanagh A., Kennedy E.
ISSN
1545-0821 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0895-9420
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
28
Number
3
Pages
187-207
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
This article examines the challenges experienced by very old individuals and their consequences for well-being and mental health. In order to capture unique issues experienced in very old age, 75 participants of the population-based Fordham Centenarian Study answered open-ended questions on everyday challenges. Theme-based coding was then used to categorize and quantify responses. The challenges mentioned most often were challenges faced in the functional (e.g., physical health/activities of daily living restrictions, mobility, sensory impairment), psychological (e.g., loss of well-liked activity, dependency, negative emotions, death), and social (e.g., family loss) life domains. Functional challenges were negatively associated with aging satisfaction and positively associated with loneliness. Psychological challenges were positively linked to aging satisfaction. Social challenges were marginally related to loneliness. Notably, challenges were not related to depression. In conclusion, the challenges experienced in very old age are multidimensional and multifaceted, unique in nature, and have differential relations to mental health. Functional, psychological, and social challenges affect very old individuals' lives and therefore need to be better understood and addressed. Given their consequences, it is imperative for policy makers to develop an awareness for the different types of challenges faced by centenarians, as there may be unique policy implications related to each.

Keywords
Activities of Daily Living, Aged, 80 and over, Aging/physiology, Aging/psychology, Emotions, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Health Status, Humans, Independent Living, Male, Mental Health, Mobility Limitation, New York City, Sensation Disorders/physiopathology, Social Support, Surveys and Questionnaires, Aging, centenarians, depression, health, longevity, oldest old, quality of life, well-being
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
26/08/2016 14:30
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:12
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