Reliability and validity of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) imbedded within a general health risk screening questionnaire: results of a survey in 332 primary care patients.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_2C307793734D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Reliability and validity of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) imbedded within a general health risk screening questionnaire: results of a survey in 332 primary care patients.
Journal
Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Author(s)
Daeppen J.B., Yersin B., Landry U., Pécoud A., Decrey H.
ISSN
0145-6008 (Print)
ISSN-L
0145-6008
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2000
Volume
24
Number
5
Pages
659-665
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Self-administered, general health risk screening questionnaires that are administered while patients wait in the doctor's office may be a reasonable and timesaving approach to address the requirements of preventive medicine in a typical 10-min medical visit. The psychometric characteristics of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) incorporated within a health questionnaire (H-AUDIT) have not been examined. METHODS: The reliability and validity of the self-administered AUDIT were compared between the H-AUDIT and the AUDIT used as a single scale (S-AUDIT) in 332 primary care patients. RESULTS: No major demographic or alcohol use characteristics were found between the 166 subjects who completed the H-AUDIT and the 166 individuals who completed the S-AUDIT. The test-retest reliability of the 166 subjects who completed the H-AUDIT [estimated by Spearman correlation coefficient at a 6-week interval (0.88), internal consistency (total correlation coefficients for all items ranged from 0.38 to 0.69; Cronbach alpha index 0.85), and the sensitivity and specificity of the H-AUDIT were used to identify at-risk drinkers' areas under receiver operating characteristic (0.77) and alcohol-dependent subjects' areas under receiver operating characteristic (0.89)] was similar to the same measurements obtained with the 166 individuals who completed the S-AUDIT. CONCLUSIONS: The AUDIT incorporated in a health risk screening questionnaire is a reliable and valid self-administered instrument to identify at-risk drinkers and alcohol-dependent individuals in primary care settings.
Keywords
Adult, Aged, Alcoholism/prevention &amp, control, Alcoholism/psychology, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Primary Health Care, Psychometrics, Reproducibility of Results, Statistics, Nonparametric
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 17:13
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:11
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