Eye gaze behavior during affective picture viewing: Effects of motivational significance, gender, age, and repeated exposure.

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Version: Author's accepted manuscript
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_2BEAA936CB43
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Eye gaze behavior during affective picture viewing: Effects of motivational significance, gender, age, and repeated exposure.
Journal
Biological psychology
Author(s)
Gomez P., von Gunten A., Danuser B.
ISSN
1873-6246 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0301-0511
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
146
Pages
107713
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
How top-down and bottom-up factors combine to determine eye movements during affective picture viewing is far from being completely understood. We investigated how observers' fixation frequency and scanpath length - two indices of information seeking and intake - are related to self-reported valence (pleasantness) and arousal and depend on gender, age, and repeated exposure during affective picture viewing. We tracked the eye movements of 157 younger, middle-aged, and older adults when viewing 14 picture series each consisting of six thematically and affectively similar pictures. Participants' valence and arousal ratings were registered for each series. Fixation frequency and scanpath length increased with self-rated unpleasantness and arousal and decreased across the six pictures within series. This decrease was age- and arousal-dependent. Compared to men, women exhibited a more exploratory scanning behavior. These findings suggest that observers' affective appraisal, gender and age and repeated exposure to affective visual stimuli influence visual information seeking and intake.
Keywords
Affective pictures, Age differences, Emotion, Eye movements, Gender differences
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
17/06/2019 14:55
Last modification date
20/12/2020 6:24
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