Occupational exposure to plant protection products and health effects in Switzerland: what do we know and what do we need to do?

Details

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_2ADB0C285381
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Occupational exposure to plant protection products and health effects in Switzerland: what do we know and what do we need to do?
Journal
Swiss Medical Weekly
Author(s)
Graczyk Halshka, Hopf Nancy B., Mediouni Zakia, Guseva-Canu Irina, Sanvido Olivier, Schmid Kaspar, Berthet Aurélie
ISSN
1424-3997 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0036-7672
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
148
Pages
w14610
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
There is currently no centralised database on workers' exposures to plant protection products (PPPs) in Switzerland, nor a national register for negative health effects linking them to occupational PPP exposure. This lack of basic data makes it difficult to implement either epidemiological research or prevention campaigns for the agricultural sector. The first objective was to understand the level of information and flow of data on occupational PPP exposures and health effects in the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland. Then, to apply this information to develop recommendations for improving a vigilance system for occupational health effects related to PPP exposure.
A mapping study and semistructured stakeholder interviews were conducted to better understand the flow of data on occupational PPP exposures and health effects. A clinical records investigation of workers occupationally exposed to PPPs was undertaken to understand the magnitude of this potential problem. Finally, a workshop brought together relevant stakeholders to discuss recommendations for the way forwards.
A lack of data on PPP exposures and associated health effects was revealed. This highlighted important knowledge gaps at different levels of the current institutional information flow system. We found that although there were numerous stakeholders that worked efficiently in their own mandate, there was a clear need for increased collaboration and coordination in order to make use of existing data to promote safer PPP use among agricultural workers in Switzerland.
Due to increasing evidence of an association between PPP exposure and health effects, increased collaboration between stakeholders is necessary to develop links between the data sources that already exist. Our study was the first to investigate the health effects linked to PPP exposure among the Swiss agricultural population. The recommendations presented in this paper would help promote a safer and healthier agricultural workforce in Switzerland, as well as the population at large.
Keywords
Adult, Agriculture/organization & administration, Cooperative Behavior, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Occupational Exposure/adverse effects, Occupational Exposure/analysis, Occupational Health/standards, Pesticides/adverse effects, Pesticides/poisoning, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
03/05/2018 19:10
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:10
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