Identification of early metabolic markers of various degrees of ischemia in the mouse brain by localized H-1 magnetic resonance spectroscopy


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Identification of early metabolic markers of various degrees of ischemia in the mouse brain by localized H-1 magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Title of the conference
24th International Symposium on Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism/9th International Conference on Quantification of Brain Function with PET
Berthet C., Lei H., Gruetter R., Hirt L.
Chicago, Illinois, June 29-July 03, 2009
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Issued date
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Meeting Abstract
Objectives: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and spectroscopy (MRS) allow the establishment of the anatomical evolution and neurochemical profiles of ischemic lesions. The aim of the present study was to identify markers of reversible and irreversible damage by comparing the effects of 10-mins middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), mimicking a transient ischemic attack, with the effects of 30-mins MCAO, inducing a striatal lesion.
Methods: ICR-CD1 mice were subjected to 10-mins (n = 11) or 30-mins (n = 9) endoluminal MCAO by filament technique at 0 h. The regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) was monitored in all animals by laser- Doppler flowmetry with a flexible probe fixed on the skull with < 20% of baseline CBF during ischemia and > 70% during reperfusion. All MR studies were carried out in a horizontal 14.1T magnet. Fast spin echo images with T2-weighted parameters were acquired to localize the volume of interest and evaluate the lesion size. Immediately after adjustment of field inhomogeneities, localized 1H MRS was applied to obtain the neurochemical profile from the striatum (6 to 8 microliters). Six animals (sham group) underwent nearly identical procedures without MCAO.
Results: The 10-mins MCAO induced no MR- or histologically detectable lesion in most of the mice and a small lesion in some of them. We thus had two groups with the same duration of ischemia but a different outcome, which could be compared to sham-operated mice and more severe ischemic mice (30-mins MCAO). Lactate increase, a hallmark of ischemic insult, was only detected significantly after 30-mins MCAO, whereas at 3 h post ischemia, glutamine was increased in all ischemic mice independently of duration and outcome. In contrast, glutamate, and even more so, N-acetyl-aspartate, decreased only in those mice exhibiting visible lesions on T2-weighted images at 24 h.
Conclusions: These results suggest that an increased glutamine/glutamate ratio is a sensitive marker indicating the presence of an excitotoxic insult. Glutamate and NAA, on the other hand, appear to predict permanent neuronal damage. In conclusion, as early as 3 h post ischemia, it is possible to identify early metabolic markers manifesting the presence of a mild ischemic insult as well as the lesion outcome at 24 h.
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08/12/2009 16:40
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20/08/2019 13:10
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