Enhancing Inhibitory Control in Older Adults: A Biofeedback Study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_290B4B9E4A42
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Enhancing Inhibitory Control in Older Adults: A Biofeedback Study.
Journal
Brain sciences
Author(s)
Tinello D., Tarvainen M., Zuber S., Kliegel M.
ISSN
2076-3425 (Print)
ISSN-L
2076-3425
Publication state
Published
Issued date
15/02/2023
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Number
2
Pages
335
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Multidomain interventions based on bio-/neurofeedback have proven useful in improving executive functions. The present study aimed to explore the potential efficacy and feasibility of an intervention that combined Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback (HRV-BF) and Near Infrared Hemoencephalography Neurofeedback (nirHEG-NF) on inhibitory control (IC) of healthy older adults. Thirty-four participants were randomly assigned to two groups: the biofeedback group (received a 10-week combined intervention of HRV-BF and nirHEG-NF) and the active control group (received a similar protocol without real-time biofeedback). Besides cognitive outcomes, the study examined pre- and post-changes in autonomic regulation and prefrontal blood oxygenation at rest and during training. Results revealed training-induced inhibitory control gains in one of the two interference tasks, whereas no effect was found on response inhibition. After the intervention, HRV increased in participants with the lowest levels of HRV at baseline. Although older adults increased blood oxygenation during training, no significant pre- and post-changes were found in blood flow oxygenation. These findings not only suggest that HRV-BF and nirHEG-NF potentially improve performance in certain subcomponents of inhibition (i.e., interference vs. response inhibition), but it may also be beneficial for parasympathetic activity in participants with low HRV and for increasing blood flow oxygenation on prefrontal areas during training.
Keywords
biofeedback, heart rate variability, hemoencephalography neurofeedback, inhibitory control, older adults
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
06/04/2023 11:29
Last modification date
02/12/2023 7:15
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