Country-level correlates of the Dark Triad traits in 49 countries.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_287D308E9BBC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Minutes: analyse of a published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Country-level correlates of the Dark Triad traits in 49 countries.
Journal
Journal of personality
Author(s)
Jonason P.K., Żemojtel-Piotrowska M., Piotrowski J., Sedikides C., Campbell W.K., Gebauer J.E., Maltby J., Adamovic M., Adams B.G., Kadiyono A.L., Atitsogbe K.A., Bundhoo H.Y., Bălțătescu S., Bilić S., Brulin J.G., Chobthamkit P., Del Carmen Dominguez A., Dragova-Koleva S., El-Astal S., Esteves C.S., Labib M Eldesoki W., Gouveia V.V., Gundolf K., Ilisko D., Jauk E., Kamble S.V., Khachatryan N., Klicperova-Baker M., Knezovic E., Kovacs M., Lei X., Liik K., Mamuti A., Moreta-Herrera C.R., Milfont T.L., Wei Ong C., Osin E., Park J., Petrovic B., Ramos-Diaz J., Ridic G., Qadir A., Samekin A., Sawicki A., Tiliouine H., Tomsik R., Umeh C.S., van den Bos K., Van Hiel A., Uslu O., Wlodarczyk A., Yahiiaev I.
ISSN
1467-6494 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0022-3506
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
88
Number
6
Pages
1252-1267
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The Dark Triad traits (i.e., narcissism, psychopathy, Machiavellianism) capture individual differences in aversive personality to complement work on other taxonomies, such as the Big Five traits. However, the literature on the Dark Triad traits relies mostly on samples from English-speaking (i.e., Westernized) countries. We broadened the scope of this literature by sampling from a wider array of countries.
We drew on data from 49 countries (N = 11,723; 65.8% female; Age <sub>Mean</sub> = 21.53) to examine how an extensive net of country-level variables in economic status (e.g., Human Development Index), social relations (e.g., gender equality), political orientations (e.g., democracy), and cultural values (e.g., embeddedness) relate to country-level rates of the Dark Triad traits, as well as variance in the magnitude of sex differences in them.
Narcissism was especially sensitive to country-level variables. Countries with more embedded and hierarchical cultural systems were more narcissistic. Also, sex differences in narcissism were larger in more developed societies: Women were less likely to be narcissistic in developed (vs. less developed) countries.
We discuss the results based on evolutionary and social role models of personality and sex differences. That higher country-level narcissism was more common in less developed countries, whereas sex differences in narcissism were larger in more developed countries, is more consistent with evolutionary than social role models.
Keywords
Social Psychology, Dark Triad, Machiavellianism, cross-cultural, cultural values, narcissism, psychopathy
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
23/06/2020 20:01
Last modification date
19/02/2021 7:25
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