Alcohol-cue exposure decreases response inhibition towards alcohol-related stimuli in detoxified alcohol-dependent patients

Details

Ressource 1Request a copy Sous embargo indéterminé.
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_281382ED6E33
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Alcohol-cue exposure decreases response inhibition towards alcohol-related stimuli in detoxified alcohol-dependent patients
Journal
Psychiatry Research
Author(s)
Kreusch Fanny, Billieux Joël, Quertemont Etienne
ISSN
0165-1781
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
249
Pages
232-239
Language
english
Abstract
The induction of alcohol craving and the cognitive processing of alcohol-related stimuli in alcohol-dependent
patients have been reported to compete with inhibitory control and contribute to alcohol relapse. The aim of the
present study is to investigate whether the induction of a craving state, using an alcohol cue exposure paradigm,
influences response inhibition towards both neutral stimuli and alcohol-related stimuli in alcohol-dependent
patients. Thirty-one detoxified alcohol-dependent patients were exposed to either their preferred alcoholic
beverage or to a glass of water. They then performed a modified stop signal task, which used alcohol-related
words, neutral words and non-words, and a lexical decision as the Go response. The alcohol-cue exposure group
reported significantly higher alcohol craving and showed higher percentages of commission errors towards
alcohol-related words than the control group. All participants, but especially those of the alcohol-cue exposure
group, showed also shorter reaction times when alcohol words were used as targets in go trials. The induction of
alcohol craving in detoxified alcohol-dependent patients increases the motivational salience value of alcohol
stimuli, leading them to automatically approach alcohol-related cues and therefore impairing response
inhibition towards those stimuli.
Keywords
Alcohol Use Disorder, Alcohol, Craving, Inhibition
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/01/2020 9:30
Last modification date
15/01/2020 17:04
Usage data