Brain-computer interfaces and personhood: interdisciplinary deliberations on neural technology.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_2741FE7A1F8E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Brain-computer interfaces and personhood: interdisciplinary deliberations on neural technology.
Journal
Journal of neural engineering
Author(s)
Sample M., Aunos M., Blain-Moraes S., Bublitz C., Chandler J.A., Falk T.H., Friedrich O., Groetzinger D., Jox R.J., Koegel J., McFarland D., Neufield V., Rodriguez-Arias D., Sattler S., Vidal F., Wolbring G., Wolkenstein A., Racine E.
ISSN
1741-2552 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1741-2552
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/11/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Number
6
Pages
063001
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Scientists, engineers, and healthcare professionals are currently developing a variety of new devices under the category of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Current and future applications are both medical/assistive (e.g. for communication) and non-medical (e.g. for gaming). This array of possibilities has been met with both enthusiasm and ethical concern in various media, with no clear resolution of these conflicting sentiments.
To better understand how BCIs may either harm or help the user, and to investigate whether ethical guidance is required, a meeting entitled 'BCIs and Personhood: A Deliberative Workshop' was held in May 2018.
We argue that the hopes and fears associated with BCIs can be productively understood in terms of personhood, specifically the impact of BCIs on what it means to be a person and to be recognized as such by others.
Our findings suggest that the development of neural technologies raises important questions about the concept of personhood and its role in society. Accordingly, we propose recommendations for BCI development and governance.
Keywords
assistive technology, brain-computer interface, ethics, governance, personhood
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
16/08/2019 20:53
Last modification date
05/01/2020 6:18
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