Epidemiological Challenges in the Study of Behavioral Addictions: a Call for High Standard Methodologies

Details

Ressource 1Request a copy Sous embargo indéterminé.
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_25FEDD568EC2
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Epidemiological Challenges in the Study of Behavioral Addictions: a Call for High Standard Methodologies
Journal
Current Addiction Reports
Author(s)
Rumpf Hans-Jürgen, Brandt Dominique, Demetrovics Zsolt, Billieux Joël, Carragher Natacha, Brand Matthias, Bowden-Jones Henrietta, Rahimi-Movaghar Afarin, Assanangkornchai Sawitri, Glavak-Tkalic Renata, Borges Guilherme, Lee Hae-Kook, Rehbein Florian, Fineberg Naomi A., Mann Karl, Potenza Marc N., Stein Dan J., Higuchi Susumu, King Daniel, Saunders John B., Poznyak Vladimir
ISSN
2196-2952
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
6
Number
3
Pages
331-337
Language
english
Abstract
Purpose of Review The 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) categorizes gambling
disorder in the section on substance-related and addictive disorders, and the 11th revision of the International Classification of
Diseases (ICD-11) includes both gambling and gaming disorder as disorders due to addictive behaviors. However, there is less
evidence for other putative behavioral addictions. This review focuses on requirements for epidemiological studies of disorders
that may be considered as behavioral addictions and compares the current state of research with principles of sound epidemiological
research.
Recent Findings In studies of behavioral addictions, samples are often quite small, which may lead to increased random error.
The lack of sound assessment tools—particularly the lack of agreed-upon diagnostic criteria and standardized diagnostic
interviews—may also increase systematic error. Other concerns related to systematic bias include the use of convenience
samples, lack of pro-active recruitment, inadequate assessment of confounding variables, and a dearth of representative and
longitudinal studies.
Summary This review recommends that future studies of putative behavioral addictions should more closely adhere to methodological
standards of epidemiological research to reduce random and systematic error. Specific recommendations are detailed to
advance epidemiological research in this area with the aim of improving the evidence base and generating more refined public
health recommendations and policies.
Keywords
Behavioral Addiction, Gaming Disorder, Gambling Disorder, Epidemiology
Create date
10/01/2020 10:30
Last modification date
17/01/2020 14:19
Usage data