New synthetic opioids: Part of a new addiction landscape

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_22AF40B11434
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
New synthetic opioids: Part of a new addiction landscape
Journal
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Author(s)
Karila Laurent, Marillier Maude, Chaumette Boris, Billieux Joël, Franchitto Nicolas, Benyamina Amine
ISSN
0149-7634
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
106
Pages
133-140
Language
english
Abstract
Synthetic opioids (SO) are a major risk for public health across the world. These drugs can be divided into 2
categories, pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical fentanyls. A new generation of SO has emerged on the drug
market since 2010. North America is currently facing an opioid epidemic of morbi-mortality, caused by overprescription
of opioids, illegally diverted prescribed medicines, the increasing use of heroin and the emergence
of SO. Furthermore, this opioid crisis is also seen in Europe. SO are new psychoactive substances characterized
by different feature such as easy availability on the Internet, low price, purity, legality, and lack of detection in
laboratory tests. They have not been approved or are not recommended for human use. Opioid misuse is associated
with somatic and psychiatric complications. For many substances, limited pharmacological information
is available, increasing the risk of harmful adverse events. Health actors and the general population need to be
clearly informed of the potential risks and consequences of the diffusion and use of SO.
Keywords
Opioids, Opioids Crisis
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/01/2020 9:30
Last modification date
17/01/2020 13:16
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