The interactive effect of autism and psychosis severity on theory of mind and functioning in schizophrenia.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_216E6E69550E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Minutes: analyse of a published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The interactive effect of autism and psychosis severity on theory of mind and functioning in schizophrenia.
Journal
Neuropsychology
Author(s)
Vaskinn Anja, Abu-Akel Ahmad
ISSN
1931-1559
0894-4105
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
33
Number
2
Pages
195-202
Language
english
Abstract
Objective: Autism and schizophrenia are characterized by impairments in social cognition and functioning. They can co-occur at both the trait/symptom and diagnostic levels. We investigated the concurrent effect of autism and psychotic symptom severity on social cognition and functioning in schizophrenia.
Method: Eighty-one individuals (thirty-two females) with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were included. Symptoms were measured with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale using the positive subscale (PANSSpos) and the PANSS Autism Severity Score (PAUSS). Theory of mind (ToM) was assessed with the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC), which yields scores for three error types: overmentalizing, undermentalizing and no-mentalizing. Functioning was assessed with the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF-f) and the Social Functioning Scale (SFS). The sample was bimodally distributed and therefore divided into low and high PAUSS groups. Generalized linear models examined the effect of PANSSpos, PAUSS and their interaction on GAF-f, SFS and MASC scores.
Results: For the entire cohort, the PANSSpos x PAUSS interaction was significantly associated with better GAF-f (p=0.005), SFS (p=0.029), and overall ToM (p=0.035), and, for the high PAUSS group, with reduced overmentalizing errors (p=0.002), resulting in better overall ToM.
Conclusions: Concurrent elevated levels of autism and positive psychotic symptoms seem to benefit functioning and social cognition in schizophrenia. The results are consistent with the diametric model, which posits that autism and schizophrenia are characterized by opposing patterns in mentalizing, and promote the radical idea that the presence of both disorders may be associated with attenuated impairments.
Keywords
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
07/08/2018 20:55
Last modification date
21/08/2019 5:18
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