Depistage de consommations problematiques d'alcool dans la population suisse: comparaison entre un instrument developpe par l'ISPA et le questionnaire CAGE. [Screening for problem alcohol drinking in the Swiss population: comparison between an ISPA-developed instrument and the CAGE questionnaire. The Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcoholism]

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_21674CD872B7
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Depistage de consommations problematiques d'alcool dans la population suisse: comparaison entre un instrument developpe par l'ISPA et le questionnaire CAGE. [Screening for problem alcohol drinking in the Swiss population: comparison between an ISPA-developed instrument and the CAGE questionnaire. The Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcoholism]
Journal
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Author(s)
Truan  P., Gmel  G., Francois  Y., Janin  B.
ISSN
0036-7672 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/1997
Volume
127
Number
18
Pages
753-61
Notes
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: May 3
Abstract
In 1987, the Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems (SIPA) developed a set of questions on alcohol-related problems in the general population. The aim of this article is to study the results of the questionnaire used as a screening instrument to detect problem drinking in the Swiss population, and to compare it with the CAGE test. The sample consisted of 953 people aged 20 or over. Among the drinkers (89% of the sample), 91 males (21.7%) and 34 females (8.7%) had a positive SIPA test and 53 males (12.7%) and 17 females (4.3%) a positive CAGE test. The SIPA test was more sensitive than the CAGE in detecting persons who drink regularly and quite heavily but without binge drinking. The item "Eye-opener" of the CAGE is too blunt for application to the Swiss general population and could with advantage be removed from the questionnaire. Females tend to deny alcohol problems much more than males. Binge drinking increases the risk of a positive test (SIPA: OR: 1.9; i.c. 95%: 1.2-3.0; CAGE: OR: 3.3; i.c. 95%: 1.8-6.0). In short, the SIPA test is more suitable in estimating the number of problem drinkers in the Swiss population than the CAGE, which was initially developed for the American medical population. Furthermore, the results suggest the necessity of using a different cut-off for each gender.
Keywords
Adult Aged Alcoholism/*diagnosis/epidemiology/ethnology Factor Analysis, Statistical Female Humans Male Middle Aged Population Surveillance *Questionnaires Sensitivity and Specificity Sex Factors Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 17:15
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:58
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