Sex differences in awareness and control of hypertension in France

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_21275242AE38
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Sex differences in awareness and control of hypertension in France
Journal
Journal of Hypertension
Author(s)
Marques-Vidal P., Arveiler D., Amouyel P., Bingham A., Ferrières J.
ISSN
0263-6352 (Print)
ISSN-L
0263-6352
Publication state
Published
Issued date
1997
Volume
15
Number
11
Pages
1205-1210
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension for men and women living in three French regions.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional population survey.
SETTING: Subjects in the World Health Organization Monitoring Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease population surveys of Bas-Rhin, the urban community of Lille and Haute-Garonne, France.
SUBJECTS: We studied 1924 men and 1874 women aged 35-64 years.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hypertension was defined as a systolic blood pressure > or = 160 mmHg, a diastolic blood pressure > or = 95 mmHg, being administered antihypertensive drug treatment or any combination of the foregoing. Treated hypertensive subjects were considered controlled if their systolic blood pressure was < 160 mmHg and their diastolic blood pressure was < 95 mmHg.
RESULTS: The prevalence of hypertension was 40.2, 43.8 and 27.7% among men in Lille, Bas-Rhin and Haute-Garonne, respectively. For women, the corresponding values were 31.5, 33.8 and 18.9%. Among hypertensive men, 51.8% were aware of their condition, 30.0% were being administered drug treatment and 9.2% were controlled; the respective values for hypertensive women were 69.8, 51.2 and 25.3% (P < 0.001). Awareness of hypertension was associated with antihypertensive treatment more commonly in Haute-Garonne (81.0% for men and 84.7% for women). The percentages of treated subjects in whom adequate control of the blood pressure had been achieved were only 30.7% for men and 49.4% for women.
CONCLUSION: Women have a better awareness of hypertension than do men and their hypertension is controlled better but the low rate of control for both sexes calls for further improvements.
Keywords
France/epidemiology, Hypertension/epidemiology, Hypertension/prevention & control
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
01/12/2016 15:02
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:57
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