Long-term clinical outcome after fractional flow reserve-guided treatment in patients with angiographically equivocal left main coronary artery stenosis.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_21112B8BFDF8
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Long-term clinical outcome after fractional flow reserve-guided treatment in patients with angiographically equivocal left main coronary artery stenosis.
Journal
Circulation
Author(s)
Hamilos M., Muller O., Cuisset T., Ntalianis A., Chlouverakis G., Sarno G., Nelis O., Bartunek J., Vanderheyden M., Wyffels E., Barbato E., Heyndrickx G.R., Wijns W., De Bruyne B.
ISSN
1524-4539 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0009-7322
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
120
Number
15
Pages
1505-1512
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Significant left main coronary artery stenosis is an accepted indication for surgical revascularization. The potential of angiography to evaluate the hemodynamic severity of a stenosis is limited. The aims of the present study were to assess the long-term clinical outcome of patients with an angiographically equivocal left main coronary artery stenosis in whom the revascularization strategy was based on fractional flow reserve (FFR) and to determine the relationship between quantitative coronary angiography and FFR.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In 213 patients with an angiographically equivocal left main coronary artery stenosis, FFR measurements and quantitative coronary angiography were performed. When FFR was > or =0.80, patients were treated medically or another stenosis was treated by coronary angioplasty (nonsurgical group; n=138). When FFR was <0.80, coronary artery bypass grafting was performed (surgical group; n=75). The 5-year survival estimates were 89.8% in the nonsurgical group and 85.4% in the surgical group (P=0.48). The 5-year event-free survival estimates were 74.2% and 82.8% in the nonsurgical and surgical groups, respectively (P=0.50). Percent diameter stenosis at quantitative coronary angiography correlated significantly with FFR (r=-0.38, P<0.001), but a very large scatter was observed. In 23% of patients with a diameter stenosis <50%, the left main coronary artery stenosis was hemodynamically significant by FFR.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with equivocal stenosis of the left main coronary artery, angiography alone does not allow appropriate individual decision making about the need for revascularization and often underestimates the functional significance of the stenosis. The favorable outcome of an FFR-guided strategy suggests that FFR should be assessed in such patients before a decision is made "blindly" about the need for revascularization.
Keywords
Aged, Cohort Studies, Coronary Angiography/methods, Coronary Artery Bypass/methods, Coronary Circulation/physiology, Coronary Stenosis/mortality, Coronary Stenosis/radiography, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial/physiology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Survival Rate/trends, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
16/02/2015 18:01
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:57
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