Keeping Emotions in Mind: The Influence of Working Memory Capacity on Parent-Reported Symptoms of Emotional Lability in a Sample of Children With and Without ADHD.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_20E6119A81D6
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Keeping Emotions in Mind: The Influence of Working Memory Capacity on Parent-Reported Symptoms of Emotional Lability in a Sample of Children With and Without ADHD.
Journal
Frontiers in psychology
Author(s)
Jensen D.A., Høvik M.F., Monsen NJN, Eggen T.H., Eichele H., Adolfsdottir S., Plessen K.J., Sørensen L.
ISSN
1664-1078 (Print)
ISSN-L
1664-1078
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Pages
1846
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Emotional lability (EL) often co-occurs with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. However, difficulties of regulating intense emotions in ADHD are still poorly understood. We investigated the potential role of working memory (WM) as a protective factor against EL in children with ADHD by building on models describing the close relationship between WM and regulation of emotions. The parents of 41 children with ADHD and 34 typically developing children (TDC) filled out the emotional control scale (ECS) from the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning and the child behavior checklist (CBCL). The children themselves completed the backward conditions of the digit span (DS) and spatial span (SS) tasks as well as the letter-umber sequencing (LNS) task. The results of a stepwise regression analysis confirmed the negative relationship between parent reported EL measured using the ECS and scores on the LNS, when controlling for symptoms of ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). WM thus seems to be important for the ability of the children to express emotions in an adaptive and flexible way. We therefore suggest that a poorer WM capacity, which is often found in children with ADHD, may be a predictor of high levels of EL.
Keywords
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, emotion regulation, emotional lability, letter–number sequencing, working memory
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
22/10/2018 17:25
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:57
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