Early inter-hospital transfer of patients with myocardial infarction without a doctor, paramedic or nurse on board: results from a French regional emergency care network.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_1F8B519D33F1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Early inter-hospital transfer of patients with myocardial infarction without a doctor, paramedic or nurse on board: results from a French regional emergency care network.
Journal
BMC emergency medicine
Author(s)
Cassan S., Rata M., Vallenet C., Fromage P., Champly F., Broin P., Peribois G., Sierra V., Lutz C., Mangin L., Savary D., Ageron F.X., Belle L.
Working group(s)
SCA-Alp Investigators
ISSN
1471-227X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-227X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
28/10/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
19
Number
1
Pages
60
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
In France, patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are usually transferred from remote hospitals to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centres in mobile intensive care units (MICUs) with on-board medical staff. They are then returned to the remote hospitals by MICU 48 h after PCI. However, MICU transportation and beds in a PCI centre are in short supply. Therefore, we investigated clinical outcomes among intermediate-risk ACS patients who were transferred in private ambulances without an on-board medic or paramedic; and returned to the remote hospital sooner after PCI.
In the French Alps, the RESURCOR network manages 'SCA-Alp' transfers using strict management protocols in ambulances with trained drivers and automatic external defibrillators, but without heart rhythm monitoring. We conducted an observational retrospective study that assessed outcomes (death and emergency return to the PCI centre within 48 h) in patients transferred using SCA-Alp. Our population comprised stabilized patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who returned to the remote hospital within 24-48 h of PCI, and uncomplicated patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) within 24-72 h of symptom onset who come from and returned to ('round-trip') the remote hospital on the day of PCI (return < 12 h after PCI).
Between 2010 and 2014, 101 STEMI and 490 NSTEMI patients were transferred using SCA-Alp. No adverse events occurred during transportation and no deaths were reported. Two of 591 patients (0.3% [95% confidence interval 0.1-1.4%]) experienced a stent thrombosis within 48 h of PCI that required a second urgent PCI; both were event free at 6-month follow-up.
Inter-hospital transfer using SCA-Alp is associated with low event rates in intermediate-risk ACS patients, allowing a more streamlined use of medical facilities and freeing-up of beds in PCI centres.
Keywords
France, Myocardial infarction, Percutaneous coronary intervention, SCA-Alp protocol, Transfer
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
20/02/2020 11:04
Last modification date
15/07/2020 6:26
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