The Multifunctional Sorting Protein PACS-2 Controls Mitophagosome Formation in Human Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells through Mitochondria-ER Contact Sites.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_1F05CC1D7169
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The Multifunctional Sorting Protein PACS-2 Controls Mitophagosome Formation in Human Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells through Mitochondria-ER Contact Sites.
Journal
Cells
Author(s)
Moulis M., Grousset E., Faccini J., Richetin K., Thomas G., Vindis C.
ISSN
2073-4409 (Print)
ISSN-L
2073-4409
Publication state
Published
Issued date
25/06/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Number
6
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs) are crucial for lipid transport and synthesis, calcium exchange, and mitochondrial functions, and they also act as signaling platforms. These contact sites also play a critical role in the decision between autophagy and apoptosis with far reaching implications for cell fate. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis accelerates atherogenesis and the progression of advanced lesions, leading to atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability and medial degeneration. Though the successful autophagy of damaged mitochondria promotes VSMC survival against pro-apoptotic atherogenic stressors, it is unknown whether MAMs are involved in VSMC mitophagy processes. Here, we investigated the role of the multifunctional MAM protein phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein 2 (PACS-2) in regulating VSMC survival following a challenge by atherogenic lipids. Using high-resolution confocal microscopy and proximity ligation assays, we found an increase in MAM contacts as in PACS-2-associated MAMs upon stimulation with atherogenic lipids. Correspondingly, the disruption of MAM contacts by PACS-2 knockdown impaired mitophagosome formation and mitophagy, thus potentiating VSMC apoptosis. In conclusion, our data shed new light on the significance of the MAM modulatory protein PACS-2 in vascular cell physiopathology and suggest MAMs may be a new target to modulate VSMC fate and favor atherosclerotic plaque stability.
Keywords
PACS-2, apoptosis, atherosclerosis, mitochondria, mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs), mitophagy, vascular smooth muscle cell
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
03/07/2019 8:35
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:55
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