Concentration of drugs in blood of suspected impaired drivers.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_1B9D52C9EBA0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Concentration of drugs in blood of suspected impaired drivers.
Journal
Forensic Science International
Author(s)
Augsburger M., Donzé N., Ménétrey A., Brossard C., Sporkert F., Giroud C., Mangin P.
ISSN
0379-0738
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2005
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
153
Number
1
Pages
11-15
Language
english
Abstract
Analytical records concerning 440 living drivers suspected of driving under the influence of drug (DUID) were collected and examined during a 2 years period ranging from 2002 to 2003 in canton de Vaud, Valais, Jura and Fribourg (Switzerland). This study included 400 men (91%) and 40 women (9%). The average age of the drivers was 28+/-10 years (minimum 16 and maximum 81). One or more psychoactive drugs were found in 89% of blood samples. Half of cases (223 of 440, 50.7%) involved consumption of mixtures (from 2 to 6) of psychoactive drugs. The most commonly detected drugs in whole blood were cannabinoids (59%), ethanol (46%), benzodiazepines (13%), cocaine (13%), amphetamines (9%), opiates (9%) and methadone (7%). Among these 440 cases, 11-carboxy-THC (THCCOOH) was found in 59% (median 25 ng/ml (1-215 ng/ml)), Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in 53% (median 3 ng/ml (1-35 ng/ml)), ethanol in 46% (median 1.19 g/kg (0.14-2.95 g/kg)), benzoylecgonine in 13% (median 250 ng/ml (29-2430 ng/ml)), free morphine in 7% (median 10 ng/ml (1-111 ng/ml)), methadone in 7% (median 110 ng/ml (27-850 ng/ml)), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in 6% (median 218 ng/ml (10-2480 ng/ml)), nordiazepam in 5% (median 305 ng/ml (30-1560 ng/ml)), free codeine in 5% (median 5 ng/ml (1-13 ng/ml)), midazolam in 5% (median 44 ng/ml (20-250 ng/ml)), cocaine in 5% (median 50 ng/ml (15-560 ng/ml)), amphetamine in 4% (median 54 ng/ml (10-183 ng/ml)), diazepam in 2% (median 200 ng/ml (80-630 ng/ml)) and oxazepam in 2% (median 230 ng/ml (165-3830 ng/ml)). Other drugs, such as lorazepam, zolpidem, mirtazapine, methaqualone, were found in less than 1% of the cases.
Keywords
Adult, Automobile Driving, Female, Forensic Medicine, Humans, Male, Psychotropic Drugs, Sex Distribution, Substance Abuse Detection, Substance-Related Disorders, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
08/02/2008 18:44
Last modification date
03/03/2018 14:30
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