Plantar pressures in the tennis serve.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_1B9BD1DEF8C1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Plantar pressures in the tennis serve.
Journal
Journal of Sports Sciences
Author(s)
Girard O., Eicher F., Micallef J.P., Millet G.
ISSN
1466-447X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0264-0414
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/2010
Volume
28
Number
8
Pages
873-880
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
In-shoe loading patterns were examined in each foot (back and front) separately during two types of tennis serve [first (or flat) and second (or twist) serve] and two service stance styles [foot-up (back foot is moved forward next to front foot for push-off) and foot-back (feet remain at the same relative level)]. Ten competitive tennis players completed five trials for each type of serve and service stance style in random order. Plantar pressure distribution was recorded using Pedar insoles divided into nine areas for analysis. Mean and peak pressures (+15.2%, P < 0.01 and +12.8%, P < 0.05) as well as maximal forces (+20.2%, P < 0.01) were higher under the lateral forefoot of the front foot in first than in second serves, while mean forces were higher (+17.2%, P < 0.05) under the lesser toes. Relative load was higher on the lateral forefoot (+20.4%, P < 0.05) but lower (-32.5%, P < 0.05) on the medial heel of the front foot with foot-up compared with foot-back stance. Using a foot-up stance, loading of the back foot was higher (+31.8%, P < 0.01) under the lateral mid-foot but lower (-29.9%, P < 0.01) under the medial forefoot. The type of serve and the stance style adopted have a significant effect on foot loading. Such findings might help improve mechanical efficiency of the serve.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Biomechanics, Foot/physiology, Humans, Male, Pressure, Shoes, Task Performance and Analysis, Tennis/physiology, Weight-Bearing, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/08/2010 16:48
Last modification date
03/03/2018 14:30
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