Validity of annoyance scores for estimation of long term air pollution exposure in epidemiologic studies: the Swiss Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA)

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It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
Serval ID
serval:BIB_1B5941EB2162
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Validity of annoyance scores for estimation of long term air pollution exposure in epidemiologic studies: the Swiss Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA)
Journal
American Journal of Epidemiology
Author(s)
Oglesby  L., Kunzli  N., Monn  C., Schindler  C., Ackermann-Liebrich  U., Leuenberger  P.
ISSN
0002-9262 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/2000
Volume
152
Number
1
Pages
75-83
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Jul 1
Abstract
In air pollution epidemiology, estimates of long term exposure are often based on measurements made at one fixed site monitor per area. This may lead to exposure misclassification. The present paper validates a questionnaire-based indicator of ambient air pollution levels and its applicability to assess their within-area variability. Within the framework of the SAPALDIA (Swiss Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults) cross-sectional study (1991), 9,651 participants reported their level of annoyance caused by air pollution on an 11-point scale. This subjective measure was compared with annual mean concentrations of particulate matter less than 10 microm in diameter (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide. The impact of individual factors on reported scores was evaluated. Nitrogen dioxide concentrations at home outdoors (measured in 1993), smoking, workplace dust exposure, and respiratory symptoms were found to be predictors of individual annoyance scores. Regression of population mean annoyance scores against annual mean PM10 and nitrogen dioxide concentrations (measured in 1993 and 1991, respectively) across areas showed a linear relation and strong correlations (r>0.85). Analysis within areas yielded consistent results. The observed associations between subjective and objective air pollution exposure estimates suggest that population mean scores, but not individual scores, may serve as a simple tool for grading air quality within areas. Reported annoyance due to air pollution should be considered an indicator for a complex environmental condition and thus might be used for evaluating the implementation of environmental policies.
Keywords
Adolescent Adult *Air Pollution Cross-Sectional Studies Environmental Exposure/*statistics & numerical data Evaluation Studies Female Humans Lung Diseases/*epidemiology/*psychology Male Middle Aged Questionnaires Switzerland Time Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
25/01/2008 10:50
Last modification date
01/10/2019 7:17
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