Pilot study of induction chemotherapy followed by concomitant chemotherapy and IMRT or tomotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Pilot study of induction chemotherapy followed by concomitant chemotherapy and IMRT or tomotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Title of the conference
7th International Conference on Head and Neck Cancer
Matzinger O., Ozsahin M., Bron L., Luthi F.
San Francisco, CA, July 21, 2008
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Issued date
Objective: Standard treatment of locally advanced (stages III and IV A-B) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) consists in chemoradiotherapy with 5-y survival rates of around 60%. However, acute toxicity prevents the administration of adequate adjuvant chemotherapy in nearly half of the patients. This situation has led to the hypothesis that induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy may be a superior approach. Many ongoing studies are testing the role of induction chemotherapy in this setting. Newer radiotherapy techniques are becoming available (intensity modulated radiotherapy [IMRT] and tomotherapy). They can achieve a higher degree of accuracy in conforming the radiation to the planned target volume while sparing normal tissue resulting in less acute and long-term toxicity.
Methods: We report here our local experience of 11 consecutive locally advanced NPC patients treated between June 2004 and October 2007. Median age was 46 years (range, 17-65). All but one were male patients. Initial stage was stage III in 5, and stage IVA-B in 6 patients. Treatment consisted of 3 cycles of induction TCF (Docetaxel 75 mg/m2- Cisplatin 75 mg/m2- 5-fluorouracil 750 mg/m2/d 5 days) chemotherapy followed by concomitant chemoradiotherapy with 3 cycles of cisplatin (100 mg/m2), or carboplatin (AUC 5) in case of renal impairment. Radiotherapy was delivered by either IMRT or tomotherapy. Macroscopic disease (tumor + involved lymph nodes) was treated with 70 Gy, 2 Gy/fraction (IMRT), or 69.6 Gy, 1.12 Gy/fraction (simultaneus integrated boost [SIB] technique). Elective nodal irradiation of 46-54 Gy lymph was performed in all patients, whereas elective irradiation of the entire nasopharynx (60 Gy) half of patients.
Results: All but one tumor were EBV positive. Induction chemotherapy was done as planned for 8 patients (73%). Two patients had only 2 cycles, 1 patient had only1 cycle of TCF, and the other without docetaxel. Concomitant chemotherapy was given as planned in 7 patients (64%). Four patients had only 2 cycles. Radiotherapy could be delivered as planned in all patients. Eight weeks post treatment all patients proved to have a CR (CR or uCR). After a median follow-up of 11 months (range, 6-38 months) only one patient has relapsed. Details on acute and 1 year toxicities will be presented.
Conclusion: Treatment of locally advancedNPC with induction and concomitant chemotherapy is feasible and well tolerated. The use of IMRT or tomotherapy technique seems to ameliorate the therapeutic index particularly in regard with xerostomia. All our patients presented a complete response. For the assessment of survival and long-term toxicity, a longer follow-up period is needed.
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11/03/2009 15:51
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20/08/2019 13:51
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