Who are the adolescents who stop smoking?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_18853
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Who are the adolescents who stop smoking?
Journal
European Journal of Pediatrics
Author(s)
Bonard L., Janin-Jacquat B., Michaud P.A.
ISSN
0340-6199 (Print)
ISSN-L
0340-6199
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2001
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
160
Number
7
Pages
430-435
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
In most industrialised countries, the number of adolescent smokers has increased dramatically during the past several years. Encouraging smokers to quit constitutes one of several methods to control smoking. To improve our understanding of quitting during adolescence and help professionals address the specific attributes and needs of those who quit, we compared the characteristics of youth who report having quit (former smokers, FS) with those of both "regular" smokers (RS) and nonsmokers (NS). As part of the Swiss Multicentre Adolescent Survey on Health, anonymous self-administered questionnaires were distributed to a national representative sample of 9268 15- to 20-year-old teenagers. A multiple logistic regression analysis showed FS to differ from NS for the following variables: suicide attempt (odds ratio, OR 2.10); sleeping difficulties (OR 1.67); delinquency (1.61); assault (OR 1.55); painting of graffiti (OR 1.52); shoplifting (OR 1.51); dissatisfaction with academic choices (OR 1.46); suffering from back problems (OR 1.31); belonging to a sports club (OR 0.78); receiving good marks at school (OR 0.75); and having a positive future expectation with regard to health (OR 0.74). FS differed from RS for the following variables: practising sport (OR 2.18); scouting (OR: 1.97); shoplifting (OR 0.63); tardiness (OR 0.63 and having many friends (OR 0.59). CONCLUSION: Former smokers resemble regular smokers as far as mental health and general health are concerned, whereas they behave similarly to nonsmokers in the field of social and sports activities.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Analysis of Variance, Confidence Intervals, Female, Humans, Incidence, Logistic Models, Male, Odds Ratio, Population Surveillance, Questionnaires, Reference Values, Risk Factors, Sex Distribution, Smoking/epidemiology, Smoking/prevention & control, Smoking Cessation/statistics & numerical data, Socioeconomic Factors, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
19/11/2007 12:13
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:49
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