Hypoarticulation as a tool for assessing social distance: an acoustic study of speech addressed to different types of interlocutors

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_1856765180BF
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Hypoarticulation as a tool for assessing social distance: an acoustic study of speech addressed to different types of interlocutors
Journal
Studii de Lingvistica
Author(s)
Lancien Mélanie, Côté Marie-Hélène
ISSN
2248-2547
ISSN-L
2248-2547
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Pages
55-84
Language
english
Abstract
Work within Hyper-Hypoarticulation Theory (H&H) and Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT) is increasingly focused on the adaptation of speech to the identity of the interlocutor (Koppen et al. 2017, Pardo et al. 2012, among others). These studies show a correlation between changes in the rate and spectral characteristics of speech (especially vowels) and the relationship between the speakers. Using the Diapix task (Baker & Hazan 2011), 10 Québec-French-speaking couples were invited to interact together and with two strangers, one French and one Québécois. This produced a corpus of 25h of speech and 121000 vowels. Spectral variations (especially hyper- / hypo- articulation), and changes in speech rate depending on the interlocutor, were studied using ((G)LMM) analysis. Our results reveal a correlation between the degree of social distance and speech reduction: the closer the interlocutors are (partners), the more speech is reduced.
Keywords
Sociophonetics, Phonostylistics, Quebec French, Vowel variation, Acoustics, Social distance
Open Access
Yes
Create date
19/07/2022 14:54
Last modification date
03/08/2022 6:38
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