Bringing Safe and Standardized Cell Therapies to Industrialized Processing for Burns and Wounds

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State: Public
Version: author
License: CC BY-SA 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_174411BEC208
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Bringing Safe and Standardized Cell Therapies to Industrialized Processing for Burns and Wounds
Journal
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Author(s)
Laurent Alexis, Lin Poyin, Scaletta Corinne, Hirt-Burri Nathalie, Michetti Murielle, de Buys Roessingh Anthony S., Raffoul Wassim, She Bin-Ru, Applegate Lee Ann
ISSN
2296-4185
Publication state
Published
Issued date
19/06/2020
Volume
8
Pages
581
Language
english
Abstract
Cultured primary progenitor cell types are worthy therapeutic candidates for regenerative medicine. Clinical translation, industrial transposition, and commercial implementation of products based on such cell sources are mainly hindered by economic or technical barriers and stringent regulatory requirements. Applied research in allogenic cellular therapies in the Lausanne University Hospital focuses on cell source selection technique optimization. Use of fetal progenitor cell sources in Switzerland is regulated through Federal Transplantation Programs and associated Fetal Biobanks. Clinical applications of cultured primary progenitor dermal fibroblasts have been optimized since the 1990s as "Progenitor Biological Bandages" for pediatric burn patients and adults presenting chronic wounds. A single organ donation procured in 2009 enabled the establishment of a standardized cell source for clinical and industrial developments to date. Non-enzymatically isolated primary dermal progenitor fibroblasts (FE002-SK2 cell type) served for the establishment of a clinical-grade Parental Cell Bank, based on a patented method. Optimized bioprocessing methodology for the FE002-SK2 cell type has demonstrated that extensive and consistent progenitor cell banks can be established. In vitro mechanistic characterization and in vivo preclinical studies have confirmed potency, preliminary safety and efficacy of therapeutic progenitor cells. Most importantly, highly successful industrial transposition and up-scaling of biobanking enabled the establishment of tiered Master and Working Cell Banks using Good Manufacturing Practices. Successive and successful transfers of technology, know-how and materials to different countries around the world have been performed. Extensive developments based on the FE002-SK2 cell source have led to clinical trials for burns and wound dressing. Said trials were approved in Japan, Taiwan, USA and are continuing in Switzerland. The Swiss Fetal Transplantation Program and pioneer clinical experience in the Lausanne Burn Center over three decades constitute concrete indicators that primary progenitor dermal fibroblasts should be considered as therapeutic flagships in the domain of wound healing and for regenerative medicine in general. Indeed, one single organ donation potentially enables millions of patients to benefit from high-quality, safe and effective regenerative therapies. This work presents a technical and translational overview of the described progenitor cell technology harnessed in Switzerland as cellular therapies for treatment of burns and wounds around the globe.
Keywords
Biotechnology, Bioengineering, Histology, Biomedical Engineering
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
26/05/2020 7:55
Last modification date
14/07/2020 6:21
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