Bisexuality and suicide: a systematic review of the current literature.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_1521996581EB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Bisexuality and suicide: a systematic review of the current literature.
Journal
The journal of sexual medicine
Author(s)
Pompili M., Lester D., Forte A., Seretti M.E., Erbuto D., Lamis D.A., Amore M., Girardi P.
ISSN
1743-6109 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1743-6095
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Number
8
Pages
1903-1913
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review ; Systematic Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Many studies of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth have demonstrated that individuals reporting a bisexual orientation have a particularly high risk of suicidal behavior and substance abuse. It has been also suggested that bisexual individuals (both men and women) have higher rates of depression and anxiety compared with homosexual and heterosexual groups.
The aim of the present article was to determine whether or not an association between bisexuality and suicidal behavior exists and to analyze risk factors for suicidal behavior in bisexual individuals.
The combined search strategies yielded a total of 339 records screened from PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge. Duplicate articles, articles that were not in English, and those that did not analyze bisexuality separately from homosexuality were excluded. A quality assessment was performed for each study included.
A careful systematic review of the literature was conducted investigating the potential bisexuality-suicidal behavior link. A total of 77 articles from peer-reviewed journals were considered, and the most relevant (N=19) were selected for this review.
Individuals reporting a bisexual orientation had an increased risk of suicide attempts and ideation compared with their homosexual and heterosexual peers. Risk factors included related victimization, peer judgments, and family rejection. Bisexual individuals also reported higher rates of mental illness and substance abuse.
Bisexual individuals may experience more psychological distress and mental health problems than individuals who identify with a homosexual or heterosexual orientation. Clinicians should consider the potential for suicidal behaviors in bisexual individuals and be alert for increased mental health problems and poor social integration.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Anxiety Disorders/psychology, Bisexuality/psychology, Crime Victims/psychology, Depressive Disorder/psychology, Female, Humans, Male, Risk Factors, Substance-Related Disorders/psychology, Suicidal Ideation, Suicide, Attempted/psychology, Bisexuality, Prevention, Sexual Orientation, Suicide
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
13/06/2023 16:37
Last modification date
17/07/2023 9:58
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