Sulfur isotope's signal of nanopyrites enclosed in 2.7 Ga stromatolitic organic remains reveal microbial sulfate reduction

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_14F6016F8C13
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Sulfur isotope's signal of nanopyrites enclosed in 2.7 Ga stromatolitic organic remains reveal microbial sulfate reduction
Journal
Geobiology
Author(s)
Marin-Carbonne Johanna, Remusat Laurent, Sforna Marie Catherine, Thomazo Christophe, Cartigny Cartigny, Philippot Philippot
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Abstract
Microbial sulfate reduction (MSR) is thought to have operated very early on Earth and is often invoked to explain the occurrence of sedimentary sulfides in the rock record. Sedimentary sulfides can also form from sulfides produced abiotically during late diagenesis or metamorphism. As both biotic and abiotic processes contribute to the bulk of sedimentary sulfides, tracing back the original microbial signature from the earliest Earth record is challenging. We present in situ sulfur isotope data from nano-pyrites occurring in carbonaceous remains lining the domical shape of stromatolite knobs of the 2.7 Gyr old Tumbiana Formation (Western Australia). The analyzed nano-pyrites show a large range of 34S values of about 84‰ (from -33.7‰ to + 50.4‰), The recognition that a large 34S range of 80‰ is found in individual carbonaceous-rich layers support the interpretation that the nano-pyrites were formed in microbial mats through MSR by a Rayleigh distillation process during early diagenesis. An active microbial cycling of sulfur during formation of the stromatolite may have facilitated the mixing of different sulfur pools (atmospheric and hydrothermal) and explain the weak mass independent signature (MIF-S) recorded in the Tumbiana Formation. These results confirm that MSR participated actively to the biogeochemical cycling of sulfur during the Neoarchean and support previous models suggesting anaerobic oxidation of methane using sulfate in the Tumbiana environment.
Keywords
Tumbiana Formation, Stromatolite, Archean, NanoSIMS
Create date
16/07/2019 14:01
Last modification date
24/09/2019 5:11
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