Adrenergic Receptor Polymorphism and Maximal Exercise Capacity after Orthotopic Heart Transplantation.

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Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_14C5C29DFCCA
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Adrenergic Receptor Polymorphism and Maximal Exercise Capacity after Orthotopic Heart Transplantation.
Journal
Plos One
Author(s)
Métrich M., Mehmeti F., Feliciano H., Martin D., Regamey J., Tozzi P., Meyer P., Hullin R.
Working group(s)
Swiss Transplant Cohort Study
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Number
9
Pages
e0163475
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: ARTICLE
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Maximal exercise capacity after heart transplantion (HTx) is reduced to the 50-70% level of healthy controls when assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) despite of normal left ventricular function of the donor heart. This study investigates the role of donor heart β1 and β2- adrenergic receptor (AR) polymorphisms for maximal exercise capacity after orthotopic HTx.
METHODS: CPET measured peak VO2 as outcome parameter for maximal exercise in HTx recipients ≥9 months and ≤4 years post-transplant (n = 41; mean peak VO2: 57±15% of predicted value). Donor hearts were genotyped for polymorphisms of the β1-AR (Ser49Gly, Arg389Gly) and the β2-AR (Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu). Circumferential shortening of the left ventricle was measured using magnetic resonance based CSPAMM tagging.
RESULTS: Peak VO2 was higher in donor hearts expressing the β1-Ser49Ser alleles when compared with β1-Gly49 carriers (60±15% vs. 47±10% of the predicted value; p = 0.015), and by trend in cardiac allografts with the β1-AR Gly389Gly vs. β1-Arg389 (61±15% vs. 54±14%, p = 0.093). Peak VO2 was highest for the haplotype Ser49Ser-Gly389, and decreased progressively for Ser49Ser-Arg389Arg > 49Gly-389Gly > 49Gly-Arg389Arg (adjusted R2 = 0.56, p = 0.003). Peak VO2 was not different for the tested β2-AR polymorphisms. Independent predictors of peak VO2 (adjusted R2 = 0.55) were β1-AR Ser49Gly SNP (p = 0.005), heart rate increase (p = 0.016), and peak systolic blood pressure (p = 0.031). Left ventricular (LV) motion kinetics as measured by cardiac MRI CSPAMM tagging at rest was not different between carriers and non-carriers of the β1-AR Gly49allele.
CONCLUSION: Similar LV cardiac motion kinetics at rest in donor hearts carrying either β1-AR Gly49 or β1-Ser49Ser variant suggests exercise-induced desensitization and down-regulation of the β1-AR Gly49 variant as relevant pathomechanism for reduced peak VO2 in β1-AR Gly49 carriers.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
29/09/2016 17:34
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:43
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