Do emotional stimuli interfere with two distinct components of inhibition?

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_141532F66B66
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Do emotional stimuli interfere with two distinct components of inhibition?
Journal
Cognition and Emotion
Author(s)
Rebetez Marie My Lien, Rochat Lucien, Billieux Joël, Gay Philippe, Van der Linden Martial
ISSN
0269-9931
1464-0600
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
29
Number
3
Pages
559-567
Language
english
Abstract
Emotions have recently been shown to interfere with the efficacy of inhibitory control. However,
understanding their impact requires taking into account that inhibition is not a unitary construct, but
consists of distinct functions underlain by specific mechanisms. In this study, 88 participants
performed two emotional versions of classic laboratory tasks designed to assess (1) the ability to inhibit
a prepotent response (a stop-signal task using faces with different emotional expressions) and (2) the
capacity to resist the effect of proactive interference (PI; a recent negative task that included emotional
words). Overall results showed that emotional stimuli interfered with inhibition capacities in both
tasks. Although tending in the same direction, these results suggest that different underlying
mechanisms (e.g., top-down vs. bottom-up processes) or consecutive differences in emotional
processing (e.g., different interactions with stimulus/task properties, processing stages or motivational
aspects) are at play in these two inhibition-related functions.
Keywords
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Developmental and Educational Psychology, Executive functions, Prepotent response inhibition, Proactive interference, Emotion
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/01/2020 9:31
Last modification date
18/01/2020 16:29
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