Validation of the French Autism Spectrum Quotient Scale and its relationships with schizotypy and Eysenckian personality traits

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_1408D29D210F
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Validation of the French Autism Spectrum Quotient Scale and its relationships with schizotypy and Eysenckian personality traits
Journal
Comprehensive Psychiatry
Author(s)
Sierro Guillaume, Rossier  Jérôme, Mohr Christine
ISSN
0010-440X
ISSN-L
0010-440X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
68
Pages
147-155
Language
english
Abstract
Background: Autism and schizophrenia spectra were long considered distinct entities. Yet, recent studies emphasized overlapping clinical and personality features suggesting common mechanisms and liabilities. Independent notions, however, highlight that the two spectra oppose each other socially (positive schizotypal hyper-mentalism versus autistic hypo-mentalism).
Methods: To clarify these relationships, we used data from 921 French-speaking Swiss undergraduates to firstly validate the French Autism Spectrum Questionnaire (AQ) identifying an optimal factor structure. Secondly, we assessed relationships between this AQ structure and schizotypic personality traits.
Results: Results from correlational and principal component analyses replicated both overlapping and opposing relationships.
Conclusions: We conjecture that autistic traits opposing positive schizotypy represent autistic mentalizing deficits. We discuss implications of our findings relative to theories of autism and schizophrenia spectrum relationships.
Create date
01/05/2017 20:55
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:42
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