Outcome of elderly patients with chronic symptomatic coronary artery disease with an invasive vs optimized medical treatment strategy: one-year results of the randomized TIME trial

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_12A8F2BF26BB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Outcome of elderly patients with chronic symptomatic coronary artery disease with an invasive vs optimized medical treatment strategy: one-year results of the randomized TIME trial
Journal
JAMA
Author(s)
Pfisterer  M., Buser  P., Osswald  S., Allemann  U., Amann  W., Angehrn  W., Eeckhout  E., Erne  P., Estlinbaum  W., Kuster  G., Moccetti  T., Naegeli  B., Rickenbacher  P.
ISSN
0098-7484 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2003
Volume
289
Number
9
Pages
1117-23
Notes
Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Mar 5
Abstract
CONTEXT: The risk-benefit ratio of invasive vs medical management of elderly patients with symptomatic chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. The Trial of Invasive versus Medical therapy in Elderly patients (TIME) recently showed early benefits in quality of life from invasive therapy in patients aged 75 years or older, although with a certain excess in mortality. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term value of invasive vs medical management of chronic CAD in elderly adults in terms of quality of life and prevention of major adverse cardiac events. DESIGN: One-year follow-up analysis of TIME, a prospective randomized trial with enrollment between February 1996 and November 2000. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 282 patients with Canadian Cardiac Society class 2 or higher angina despite treatment with 2 or more anti-anginal drugs who survived for the first 6 months after enrollment in TIME (mean age, 80 years [range, 75-91 years]; 42% women), enrolled at 14 centers in Switzerland. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to undergo coronary angiography followed by revascularization (if feasible) (n = 140 surviving 6 months) or to receive optimized medical therapy (n = 142 surviving 6 months). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Quality of life, assessed by standardized questionnaire; major adverse cardiac events (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome) after 1 year. RESULTS: After 1 year, improvements in angina and quality of life persisted for both therapies compared with baseline, but the early difference favoring invasive therapy disappeared. Among invasive therapy patients, later hospitalization with revascularization was much less likely (10% vs 46%; hazard ratio [HR], 0.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.11-0.32; P<.001). However, 1-year mortality (11.1% for invasive; 8.1% for medical; HR, 1.51; 95% CI, 0.72-3.16; P =.28) and death or nonfatal myocardial infarction rates (17.0% for invasive; 19.6% for medical; HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.53-1.53; P =.71) were not significantly different. Overall major adverse cardiac event rates were higher for medical patients after 6 months (49.3% vs 19.0% for invasive; P<.001), a difference which increased to 64.2% vs 25.5% after 12 months (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: In contrast with differences in early results, 1-year outcomes in elderly patients with chronic angina are similar with regard to symptoms, quality of life, and death or nonfatal infarction with invasive vs optimized medical strategies based on this intention-to-treat analysis. The invasive approach carries an early intervention risk, while medical management poses an almost 50% chance of later hospitalization and revascularization.
Keywords
Aged Angina Pectoris/mortality/surgery/*therapy Cardiovascular Agents/*therapeutic use Chronic Disease Coronary Angiography Coronary Arteriosclerosis/mortality/surgery/therapy Female Follow-Up Studies Heart Catheterization Humans Male *Myocardial Revascularization *Quality of Life Risk Assessment Survival Analysis Treatment Outcome
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
28/01/2008 9:51
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:40
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