Assessing Online and Offline Adolescent Social Skills: Development and Validation of the Real and Electronic Communication Skills Questionnaire.

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Ressource 1Download: Mantzouranis, Baudat & Zimmermann (RECS, in press, postprint).pdf (454.68 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: author
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_10C9287BAB4C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Assessing Online and Offline Adolescent Social Skills: Development and Validation of the Real and Electronic Communication Skills Questionnaire.
Journal
Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking
Author(s)
Mantzouranis G., Baudat S., Zimmermann G.
ISSN
2152-2723 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2152-2715
Publication state
Published
Issued date
06/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
22
Number
6
Pages
404-411
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Validation Studies
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Studies examining the associations between Internet use and social skills are increasingly frequent. However, most of them only evaluate offline social skills and consider them as equivalents to online social skills. So far, no instrument allowed differentiating social skills depending on online versus offline contexts. This study aimed to develop and validate the Real and Electronic Communication Skills questionnaire (RECS), a new measure evaluating several dimensions of social skills in two different contexts (i.e., face-to-face and computer-mediated communication). Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses among a sample of 657 adolescents and young adults (mean age = 17.68 years; 67% female) showed that the best fitting model for each context is a bifactor solution, with one general factor (Social Competence) and four specific factors (Sociability, Emotion Decoding, Disclosure, and Assertiveness). Each specific factor was differentially correlated with theoretically relevant subscales of the Social Skills Inventory, confirming the external validity of the RECS. The RECS is the first instrument allowing not only to assess social competence in online settings but also to quantify the relationships between offline social skills and their online counterpart. Given its ease of use and brevity, the RECS is a useful and promising instrument to capture social skills in both online and offline contexts.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior/psychology, Communication, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Humans, Internet/statistics & numerical data, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Social Behavior Disorders/diagnosis, Social Skills, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult, computer-mediated communication, contextual differences, online/offline comparison, scale development, social skills
Pubmed
Web of science
Publisher's website
Create date
30/04/2019 9:37
Last modification date
12/09/2019 5:10
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