Emotional reactivity at 12 months in very preterm infants born at <29 weeks of gestation.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_104F3EE29EF5
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Emotional reactivity at 12 months in very preterm infants born at <29 weeks of gestation.
Journal
Infant Behavior and Development
Author(s)
Langerock N., van Hanswijck de Jonge L., Bickle Graz M., Hüppi P.S., Borradori Tolsa C., Barisnikov K.
ISSN
1934-8800 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0163-6383
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Volume
36
Number
3
Pages
289-297
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The present study evaluated the socio-emotional development of very preterm born infants at 12 months corrected age. Forty-one infants born very preterm (<29 weeks of gestation) were compared to 22 infants born full term on a standardized behavioral assessment and a parental temperament questionnaire, both measuring emotional reactivity to joy, anger and fear, as well as sustained attention. The behavioral assessment showed that very preterm infants exhibited as much joy as full term infants during a joy-eliciting episode. However, they expressed a significantly higher reactivity in anger-eliciting situations and a reduced reactivity toward fear-eliciting situations. For all three emotion-eliciting situations, the preterm infants reacted with a higher level of motor activity. The preterm infants also exhibited a distinct attention pattern with a significantly higher initial attention level which declined rapidly throughout the episode. The questionnaire did not show any group differences. The clinical relevance of these results in terms of preliminary hallmarks of later behavioral difficulties such attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder are discussed as well as the inconsistencies observed between the questionnaire and the behavioral assessment.
Keywords
Anger/physiology, Attention/physiology, Child Development/physiology, Emotions/physiology, Fear/psychology, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant Behavior/psychology, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature/psychology, Male, Motor Activity/physiology, Surveys and Questionnaires, Temperament
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
17/08/2016 8:36
Last modification date
23/01/2020 6:26
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