Cognitive and Emotional Deficits Associated with Minor and Serious Delinquency in High-Risk Adolescents

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0F9A894DA7BA
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Cognitive and Emotional Deficits Associated with Minor and Serious Delinquency in High-Risk Adolescents
Journal
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
Author(s)
Pihet Sandrine, Combremont Mélanie, Suter Maya, Stephan Philippe
ISSN
1934-1687
ISSN-L
1321-8719
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
19
Number
3
Pages
427-438
Language
english
Abstract
This study aims at evaluating how minor and serious delinquency relates to cognitive and emotional functioning in high-risk adolescents, taking problematic substance use into account. In 80 high-risk adolescent males (13-19 years), the frequency of minor and serious offences committed over the last year was predicted, in multiple regression analyses, from problematic substance use, intellectual efficiency, trait impulsivity, alexithymia (inability to express feelings in words), and cognitive coping strategies. Both minor and serious delinquency were more frequent in adolescents with more problematic substance use and higher intellectual efficacy. Minor delinquency was further related to a tendency to act out when experiencing negative emotions, and difficulties in focusing energy on instrumental action when under stress; while serious delinquency was predominantly and strongly related to rigid and dichotomous thinking. The results underline the heterogeneous nature of delinquency, minor offences being primarily associated with emotional regulation deficits, while major offences are related with a lack of cognitive flexibility.
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Create date
15/02/2013 11:02
Last modification date
30/12/2019 7:08
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