Exon 1 Editing of Mutant Huntingtin’s Gene: A Possible Approach to Cure Huntington’s Disease

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State: Public
Version: After imprimatur
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_0F9095974A1E
Type
A Master's thesis.
Publication sub-type
Master (thesis) (master)
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Exon 1 Editing of Mutant Huntingtin’s Gene: A Possible Approach to Cure Huntington’s Disease
Author(s)
SANTOS FERREIRA A.
Director(s)
DEGLON N.
Codirector(s)
VACHEY G.
Institution details
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Publication state
Accepted
Issued date
2019
Language
english
Number of pages
23
Abstract
Huntington’s chorea is a dominant inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by
trinucleotide repeat expansion, CAG, in the exon 1 of huntingtin’s (HTT) gene. This
mutation codes for an aberrant protein. These proteins gradually lead to a neuronal
dysfunction, evolving towards motor, cognitive and psychiatric disorders.
The existing therapeutic interventions are focused on treating the clinical symptoms.
Hence, a novel therapeutic approach for correcting the pathogenic HTT mutation is
needed. In the present project, we targeted the origin of the pathology, namely the
mutant HTT allele with a gene editing strategy. We used the Clustered Regularly
Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) and the CRISPR associated protein
9 (Cas9 nuclease) for an allele-specific inactivation.
We designed single guide RNAs (sgRNA), which when hybridized with DNA can be
recognized by Cas9 and thus induce a double strand break (DSB) upstream (HTT
promoter or exon 1) and downstream of the polyglutamine expansion (intron 1) to
induce the deletion of the mutant HTT exon 1. With this technique, we demonstrate
that we are able to decrease the expression of HTT RNA.
Then, we will show that our strategy of gene delivery by two or three viral vectors does
not change the efficiency of the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Indeed, Merienne and al.
(2017) presented a two-vector system with proven efficacy. However, we need to
deliver more genes to achieve this project. For this, we showed that using multiple
genes in a single vector does not change the efficiency of the system mentioned above.
Finally, we do not observe an increase in the inflammatory response in vivo in the
presence of an increased expression of Cas9
Keywords
Huntington’s Disease, CRISPR Cas9, Genome Editing
Create date
03/09/2020 15:43
Last modification date
09/02/2021 7:26
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