Key Nutritional Considerations for Youth Winter Sports Athletes to Optimize Growth, Maturation and Sporting Development.

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State: Public
Version: author
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0F2D931640C2
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Key Nutritional Considerations for Youth Winter Sports Athletes to Optimize Growth, Maturation and Sporting Development.
Journal
Frontiers in sports and active living
Author(s)
Hannon M.P., Flueck J.L., Gremeaux V., Place N., Kayser B., Donnelly C.
ISSN
2624-9367 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2624-9367
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
3
Pages
599118
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Despite a wealth of sport nutrition guidelines for adult athletes, there are currently no nutrition guidelines for youth winter sports athletes. Whilst it may be pragmatic to apply nutrition guidelines for adult athletes to youth winter sports athletes, it is inappropriate. Due to a paucity of research on youth athletes, it is impossible to provide evidence-based guidelines for this population, so careful extrapolation from the theoretical and practical considerations that apply to other athletic groups is necessary. Youth winter sport athletes undergo rapid biological growth and maturation which influences their nutritional requirements. A varied and balanced diet that ensures sufficient energy availability for optimal growth and maturation as well as sporting performance is the cornerstone of youth athlete nutrition and should also allow for youth athletes to meet their micronutrient requirements. In some cases, micronutrient status (e.g., vitamin D and iron) should be monitored and optimized if appropriate by a medical professional. Dietary supplement use is prevalent amongst youth athletes, however is often unnecessary. Education of youth athletes, their parents and coaches on best nutritional practices as well as the risks associated with dietary supplements is vital for their long-term athletic development. Further research in youth winter sports athletes across different stages of growth and maturation competing in a variety of sports is urgently required in order to inform nutritional guidelines for this population.
Keywords
Winter Youth Olympic Games, calcium, energy, iron, macronutrients, micronutrients, vitamin D, youth athlete
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
22/02/2021 9:51
Last modification date
23/02/2021 8:08
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