Exploring Women's Academic Careers in Cross-National Perspective : Lessons for Equal Opportunity Policies

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Ressource 1Download: Le Feuvre 2009_Equal Opportunities International.pdf (320.48 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0E34CCBB1D4C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Exploring Women's Academic Careers in Cross-National Perspective : Lessons for Equal Opportunity Policies
Journal
Equal Opportunities International
Author(s)
Le Feuvre N.
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
28
Number
1
Pages
9-23
Language
english
Notes
No spécial d'Equal Opportunities International intitulé :Higher education and gender "neutrality"
Abstract
Purpose - In recent years, several countries and/or higher education institutions have adopted equal opportunity policies to promote women's access to the upper levels of the academic career structure. The purpose of this paper is to argue that there is no universal solution to the glass ceiling that women face within academia. Insofar as the feminisation process evolves according to a variety of models, according to national and occupational context, the solutions adopted in one context may prove to be ineffective elsewhere.
Design/methodology/approach - Analysis of the different models of occupational feminisation is based on a secondary analysis of the sociological literature on the subject, combined with recent data on women's access to academic positions in France and Germany.
Findings - Although there are similarities in the structure of the academic labour market across countries and in the rate of feminisation of the most prestigious academic positions, the precise mechanisms through which women gain access to an academic career vary significantly from one national context to another. This cross-national variation would tend to suggest that there will also be variation when it comes to defining the most effective policy measures for increasing women's access to the upper echelons of the academic hierarchy. Indeed, different models of gender equality in academia may lead to very different results with regard to existing gender relations.
Originality/value - The paper uses the available sociological literature on the feminisation process to examine how different measures adopted to promote women's access to the highest echelons of the academic career structure may have different effects on the reproduction and/or transformation of the dominant sex/gender system.
Create date
16/11/2009 20:01
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:35
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