Memberless parties : Beyond the business-firm party model?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_0D20A468025F
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Memberless parties : Beyond the business-firm party model?
Journal
Party Politics
Author(s)
Mazzoleni Oscar, Voerman Gerrit
ISSN
1354-0688
1460-3683
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Number
6
Pages
783-792
Abstract
It is widely assumed that political parties need to have members in order to fulfil their functions in a representative democracy (drawing up platforms, candidate nomination and electoral mobilization) and in terms of their legitimacy. However, the theoretical literature on party models – the evolution from the mass party to the catch-all party, the electoral-professional party and/or the cartel party – suggests an increasing marginalization of members within the party organization. In the business-firm party model, members no longer have any role whatsoever. The next phase in this development seems to be a party without members. This article analyses the contextual (societal, communicational and institutional) factors favouring the rise and endurance of the memberless party as well as the strategic conditions for doing without formal membership (such as maximizing the centralization of internal decision-making, promoting party unity and enhancing electoral effectiveness). The functioning of two no-member parties – the Freedom Party in the Netherlands and the Lega dei Ticinesi in Switzerland – will be discussed in the empirical part of this article.

Keywords
Partis politiques, membres des partis
Create date
30/09/2017 14:25
Last modification date
21/08/2019 6:13
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