Associations of job strain and family strain with risk of major depressive episode: A prospective cohort study in U.S. working men and women.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_0D14FCD79B4D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Associations of job strain and family strain with risk of major depressive episode: A prospective cohort study in U.S. working men and women.
Journal
Journal of psychosomatic research
Author(s)
Matthews T.A., Robbins W., Preisig M., von Känel R., Li J.
ISSN
1879-1360 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0022-3999
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
147
Pages
110541
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Studies assessing sex differences in the associations of psychosocial strain with depression have shown mixed and inconsistent results. Our objective was to examine prospective associations of job strain and family strain with risk of major depressive episode (MDE) among United States workers, as well as assess potential effect modification by sex.
Using data from the nationally representative and population-based Mid-life in the United States (MIDUS) study with a prospective cohort design and a 9-year follow-up period, the effects of job strain and family strain at baseline on risk of MDE within the 12 months prior to the follow-up assessment were examined in 1581 workers (805 men, 776 women) who were free from MDE within the 12 months prior to the baseline survey, by multivariate Poisson regression analysis.
After adjustment for relevant covariates, there was evidence for effect modification by sex for the association between job strain and MDE but not for the association between family strain and MDE. Indeed, high job strain was prospectively associated with the risk of MDE (RR and 95% CI = 2.14 [1.14, 4.03]) in men but not in women. Moreover, high family strain was prospectively associated with a higher risk of MDE (RR and 95% CI = 1.57 [1.05, 2.37]) in the whole sample.
Family strain was associated with risk of MDE regardless of the sex of a person. In contrast, high job strain may involve an increased risk of developing MDE only in men but not in women.
Keywords
Depression, Epidemiology, Sex differences, Stress, Workers
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
28/06/2021 11:54
Last modification date
24/07/2021 6:34
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