Cigarette and Cannabis Use in Young Swiss Men: Examination of the Bidirectional, Longitudinal Associations Between Frequency of Use and Descriptive Norms.

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Version: Author's accepted manuscript
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_0C6D57E77CDD
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Cigarette and Cannabis Use in Young Swiss Men: Examination of the Bidirectional, Longitudinal Associations Between Frequency of Use and Descriptive Norms.
Journal
Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs
Author(s)
Studer J., Bertholet N., Baggio S., Gaume J., Grazioli V.S., Rougemont-Bücking A., Daeppen J.B., Gmel G.
ISSN
1938-4114 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1937-1888
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
79
Number
4
Pages
585-590
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Although several studies have investigated longitudinal associations between social norms and alcohol use behaviors, less is known about associations between social norms and use of other substances, such as cigarettes and cannabis. The present study aimed to examine the temporal ordering of descriptive norms and cigarette and cannabis use over time.
A sample of 5,158 young Swiss men from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) completed baseline and 15-month follow-up questionnaires assessing frequency of use and descriptive norms of cigarette and cannabis use. Bidirectional, longitudinal associations between descriptive norms and cigarette and cannabis use were examined using cross-lagged panel models.
Descriptive norms for cigarette use at baseline predicted increased frequency of use at follow-up, whereas the opposite association, from frequency of cigarette use at baseline to descriptive norms at follow-up, was not significant. For cannabis, associations between descriptive norms and frequency of use were reciprocal. Descriptive norms at baseline predicted an increased frequency of cannabis use at follow-up, and frequency of cannabis use at baseline predicted a later increase in descriptive norms.
For cigarette use, findings suggest that descriptive norms shape later cigarette use behaviors. For cannabis use, findings suggest that descriptive norms shape cannabis use, but cannabis use also shapes later descriptive norms.
Keywords
Adolescent, Cigarette Smoking/epidemiology, Cigarette Smoking/psychology, Cigarette Smoking/trends, Cohort Studies, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Marijuana Smoking/epidemiology, Marijuana Smoking/psychology, Marijuana Smoking/trends, Risk Factors, Social Norms, Surveys and Questionnaires, Switzerland/epidemiology, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
14/08/2018 15:26
Last modification date
11/10/2019 6:09
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