Clinician characteristics, communication, and patient outcome in oncology: a systematic review.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0C5D3146470E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Clinician characteristics, communication, and patient outcome in oncology: a systematic review.
Journal
Psycho-oncology
Author(s)
De Vries A.M., de Roten Y., Meystre C., Passchier J., Despland J.N., Stiefel F.
ISSN
1099-1611 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1057-9249
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Number
4
Pages
375-381
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the literature on clinician characteristics influencing patient-clinician communication or patient outcome in oncology.
METHODS: Studies investigating the association of clinician characteristics with quality of communication and with outcome for adult cancer patients were systematically searched in MEDLINE, PSYINFO, PUBMED, EMBASE, CINHAL, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library up to November 2012. We used the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement to guide our review. Articles were extracted independently by two of the authors using predefined criteria.
RESULTS: Twenty seven articles met the inclusion criteria. Clinician characteristics included a variety of sociodemographic, relational, and personal characteristics. A positive impact on quality of communication and/or patient outcome was reported for communication skills training, an external locus of control, empathy, a socioemotional approach, shared decision-making style, higher anxiety, and defensiveness. A negative impact was reported for increased level of fatigue and burnout and expression of worry. Professional experience of clinicians was not related to communication and/or to patient outcome, and divergent results were reported for clinician gender, age, stress, posture, and confidence or self-efficacy.
CONCLUSIONS: Various clinician characteristics have different effects on quality of communication and/or patient outcome. Research is needed to investigate the pathways leading to effective communication between clinicians and patients. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Web of science
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04/04/2014 15:39
Last modification date
21/11/2019 8:08
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