Personality traits and behavioural and psychological symptoms in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0B463466998D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Personality traits and behavioural and psychological symptoms in patients with mild cognitive impairment.
Journal
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Author(s)
Mendez Rubio M., Antonietti J.P., Donati A., Rossier J., von Gunten A.
ISSN
1421-9824 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1420-8008
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
35
Number
1-2
Pages
87-97
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Both personality changes and behavioural and psychological symptoms (BPS) may be associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in later life and help identify incipient dementia. We wished to investigate the links between personality and BPS in MCI.
METHOD: We studied premorbid personality traits as estimated 5 years back and their changes in 83 control subjects and 52 MCI patients using the revised NEO Personality Inventory for the Five-Factor Model completed by a proxy. Information on BPS was obtained using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). Analyses were controlled for current depression and anxiety.
RESULTS: Premorbid neuroticism and openness to experience were associated with the total NPI score. The changes in neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experiences, and conscientiousness were associated with apathy and affective symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Personality changes and BPS occur in MCI. The occurrence of affective BPS and apathy is associated with both premorbid personality traits and their changes.
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Anxiety/diagnosis, Anxiety/psychology, Apathy, Behavior, Depression/diagnosis, Depression/psychology, Educational Status, Extraversion (Psychology), Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mild Cognitive Impairment/psychology, Mood Disorders/psychology, Neuropsychological Tests, Neurotic Disorders/chemically induced, Neurotic Disorders/psychology, Personality, Personality Tests, Social Behavior
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
28/02/2013 16:08
Last modification date
07/11/2019 8:08
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