Decreased taxation, spirits consumption and alcohol-related problems in Switzerland

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_0B095F34A052
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Decreased taxation, spirits consumption and alcohol-related problems in Switzerland
Journal
Journal of Studies on Alcohol
Author(s)
Mohler-Kuo  M., Rehm  J., Heeb  J. L., Gmel  G.
ISSN
0096-882X (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2004
Volume
65
Number
2
Pages
266-73
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. --- Old month value: Mar
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The spirits market in Switzerland was reformed in 1999 in accordance with the World Trade Organization agreement. The resulting tax reform and increased competition have resulted in markedly reduced prices for foreign spirits, and a previous study showed that spirits consumption increased significantly after the tax reform. The present study examined whether alcohol-related problems also increased at follow-up and if they did, whether the increase was the result of increased spirits consumption. Further correlates of alcohol-related problems were also explored. METHOD: Data were obtained from a longitudinal study on changes in alcohol consumption in Switzerland. The baseline survey was conducted 3 months before the tax reform, and the follow-up was conducted 28 months after the tax reform. A randomly selected sample of 4,007 residents aged 15 years or older participated in the baseline survey, and 73% of this sample participated in the follow-up survey. Alcohol consumption was measured on the basis of a graduated frequency, and alcohol-related problems were measured by items taken from the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). RESULTS: Findings indicate that alcohol-related problems increased significantly at follow-up. The significance disappeared, however, after controlling for spirits consumption, indicating that the increase of alcohol-related problems at follow-up was mainly mediated through increased consumption of spirits. The multiple regression models showed that spirits, beer and wine consumption, gender, Age*Spirits Consumption interaction, region, smoking status, heavy-drinking frequency and average number of drinks were significant correlates of alcohol-related problems. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol-related problems increased at the follow-up, particularly among younger age groups who consumed more spirits. Prevention programs on alcohol-related problems should target young people.
Keywords
Adolescent Adult Alcohol Drinking/*epidemiology Alcohol-Related Disorders/*epidemiology Demography Female Humans Longitudinal Studies Male Middle Aged Switzerland/epidemiology Taxes/*statistics & numerical data
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 17:15
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:32
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