Alterations in spontaneous electrical brain activity after an extreme mountain ultramarathon.

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0AB77C1D83DC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Alterations in spontaneous electrical brain activity after an extreme mountain ultramarathon.
Journal
Biological psychology
Author(s)
Spring J.N., Sallard E.F., Trabucchi P., Millet G.P., Barral J.
ISSN
1873-6246 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0301-0511
Publication state
Published
Issued date
13/05/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
171
Pages
108348
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
This study aimed to investigate the impact of an extreme mountain ultramarathon (MUM) on spontaneous electrical brain activity in a group of 16 finishers. By using 4-minute high-density electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings with eyes closed before and after a 330-km race (mean duration: 125 ± 17 h; sleep duration: 7.7 ± 2.9 h), spectral power, source localization and microstate analyses were conducted. After the race, power analyses revealed a centrally localized increase in power in the delta (0.5-3.5 Hz) and theta (4.0-7.5 Hz) frequency bands and a decrease in alpha (8.0-12.0 Hz) power at the parieto-occipital sites. Higher brain activation in the alpha frequency band was observed within the left posterior cingulate cortex, left angular gyrus and visual association areas. Microstate analyses indicated a significant decrease in map C predominance and an increase in the global field power (GFP) for map D at the end of the race. These changes in power patterns and microstate parameters contrast with previously reported findings following short bouts of endurance exercises. We discuss the potential factors that explain lower alpha activity within the parieto-occipital regions and microstate changes after MUMs. In conclusion, high-density EEG resting-state analyses can be recommended to investigate brain adaptations in extreme sporting activities.
Keywords
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, General Neuroscience, Electroencephalography, Power analysis, Ultra-endurance, Resting states, Topographic analysis
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
20/05/2022 14:55
Last modification date
27/09/2022 5:39
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