Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_09CF2A413B20
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance
Journal
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Author(s)
Chiolero A., Faeh D., Paccaud F., Cornuz J.
ISSN
0002-9165
ISSN-L
0002-9165
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
87
Number
4
Pages
801-809
Language
english
Notes
[Texte intégral] http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/full/87/4/801
Abstract
Our aim was to critically evaluate the relations among smoking, body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance as reported in the literature. In the short term, nicotine increases energy expenditure and could reduce appetite, which may explain why smokers tend to have lower body weight than do nonsmokers and why smoking cessation is frequently followed by weight gain. In contrast, heavy smokers tend to have greater body weight than do light smokers or nonsmokers, which likely reflects a clustering of risky behaviors (eg, low degree of physical activity, poor diet, and smoking) that is conducive to weight gain. Other factors, such as weight cycling, could also be involved. In addition, smoking increases insulin resistance and is associated with central fat accumulation. As a result, smoking increases the risk of metabolic syndrome and diabetes, and these factors increase risk of cardiovascular disease. In the context of the worldwide obesity epidemic and a high prevalence of smoking, the greater risk of (central) obesity and insulin resistance among smokers is a matter of major concern
Keywords
adverse effects , Appetite Regulation , Body Composition , Body Fat Distribution , Body Weight , Cardiovascular Diseases , complications , Dose-Response Relationship,Drug , drug effects , Energy Metabolism , epidemiology , etiology , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Light , Nicotine , Obesity , pharmacology , Prevalence , Preventive Medicine , Risk , Risk Factors , Risk-Taking , Smoking , Smoking Cessation , Switzerland , Syndrome
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
29/01/2009 23:14
Last modification date
29/10/2019 8:08
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