Measuring the paradox of self-stigma: psychometric properties of a brief scale.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_09A225F02416
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Measuring the paradox of self-stigma: psychometric properties of a brief scale.
Journal
Annals of general psychiatry
Author(s)
Golay P., Moga M., Devas C., Staecheli M., Poisat Y., Israël M., Suter C., Silva B., Morandi S., Ferrari P., Favrod J., Bonsack C.
ISSN
1744-859X (Print)
ISSN-L
1744-859X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
19/01/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
20
Number
1
Pages
5
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Exposure to public stigma can lead to stereotype endorsement and resignation, which are constructs related to self-stigma. This latter phenomenon has well-documented deleterious consequences for people living with mental illness. Paradoxically, it can also lead to the empowering reactions of righteous anger and coming out proud.
The aim of this study was to develop and validate a brief tool to measure stereotype endorsement, righteous anger, and non-disclosure across different groups of stigmatized persons. This process was conducted in collaboration with users.
Using focus groups with mental health professionals and people living with mental illness, 72 items were developed to measure various aspects of self-stigma. The Paradox of Self-Stigma scale (PaSS-24) containing 24 items and three subscores (stereotype endorsement, non-disclosure, and righteous anger) resulted from a calibration phase using factor analysis. This structure was cross-validated on an independent sample. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent validity were also evaluated.
202 patients were assessed. The PaSS-24 demonstrated good internal validity. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent validity estimates were also good.
The PaSS-24 is a short but psychometrically rigorous tool designed to measure self-stigma and related constructs in French language, developed in collaboration with users. The development and validation of the PaSS-24 represent a first step towards implementing and evaluating programs aimed at reducing negative consequences of self-stigma.
Keywords
French validation, Mental illness, Questionnaire, Reliability, Self-stigma, Validity
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
02/01/2021 15:16
Last modification date
16/02/2021 6:26
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