Heterogeneous inhibition processes involved in different facets of self-reported impulsivity: Evidence from a community sample

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_098A8D27DB9A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Heterogeneous inhibition processes involved in different facets of self-reported impulsivity: Evidence from a community sample
Journal
Acta Psychologica
Author(s)
Gay Philippe, Rochat Lucien, Billieux Joël, d'Acremont Mathieu, Van der Linden Martial
ISSN
0001-6918
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
129
Number
3
Pages
332-339
Language
english
Abstract
Whiteside and Lynam (Whiteside, S. P., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). The Five Factor Model and impulsivity:
Using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences,
30, 669–689) clarified the multifaceted nature of impulsivity by identifying four distinct facets of selfreported
impulsive behaviors: urgency, (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, and sensation
seeking. Building on work by Bechara and Van der Linden (Bechara, A., & Van der Linden, M. (2005). Decision-
making and impulse control after frontal lobe injuries. Current Opinion in Neurology, 18, 734–739),
the main objective of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that perseverance and urgency map
onto the two distinct inhibitory functions distinguished by Friedman and Miyake (Friedman, N. P., &
Miyake, A. (2004). The relations among inhibition and interference control functions: A latent-variable
analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 101–135): prepotent response inhibition and
resistance to proactive interference. Participants (N = 126) completed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale
and three tasks: a recent-negatives task to assess proactive interference in working memory, and two Go/
No-Go tasks at different paces, the slower of which also assessed task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs). Consistent
with the hypothesis, TUTs were positively correlated with lack of perseverance, and multiple regressions
revealed that urgency was specifically related to errors in prepotent response inhibition, and lack of
perseverance to errors due to difficulties overcoming proactive interference
Keywords
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Developmental and Educational Psychology, General Medicine, UPPS, Impulsvity, Inhibition, Executive Functions
Pubmed
Web of science
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10/01/2020 9:31
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24/01/2020 13:59
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